The Tanzania medical service volunteer team of the School of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University (Fu Jen TZ Team for short) was established in 2011 under the joint guidance of Father Johannes Long of the Society of the Holy Spirit and the Taiwan Africa International Service Association. From the original mission of "improving the health of pregnant women and children from remote tribes in Tanzania", the team has expanded to the current mission of "improving the overall health and disease prevention of the local population" by providing medical volunteer services in Tanzania, East Africa. This year, the members of the team are faculty and students of the School of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, who hope to enhance the students' experience in medical practice through the overseas volunteer experience, and to cultivate a passion for serving people and becoming a health care professional who values holistic medical care.
The Fu Jen TZ Team will have served in Tanzania for ten years. The team's mission has expanded from "improving the health of women and children from the Maasai tribe" to "improving the overall health and disease prevention of the local population" and has also started to provide public health related services. The Maasai tribe is not the only one served, either. In 2019, the team took its services to the Bagamoyo area on the east coast to continue exploring the possibilities of how the Fu Jen TZ Team could serve there. The Fu Jen TZ Team will take the accumulated results of each year, what the senior students have seen and heard, and their experiences and suggestions to revise and continue the projects. This year, different lesson plans were designed according to the different areas served so that the whole health education can be more adapted to the local conditions and closer to the local life. In addition, in terms of health checkups, this year, the focus is on teacher cultivation so that schools can routinely conduct health checkups for the whole school. This year, the biggest goal of the Fu Jen TZ Team is to establish a safe and hygienic drinking water system in the areas of Engaruka and Nanja, so that the local residents can have safe and clean drinking water to use, and further improve the overall health of the residents.
Safe and hygienic drinking water
Having safe and hygienic drinking water is very important in public health. In the past, we found that the water quality in the Engaruka area was unstable and there was sediment from time to time; in the Nanja area, there was not enough water to use during the dry season, and the water in the nearby ponds was also very turbid and even shared with livestock. There were also many cases of diarrhea among the local residents. For these reasons, we hope to introduce the concept of safe and hygienic drinking water as well as homemade water filtration equipment made from local materials, so that the local community can have clean water to use and further improve the overall health of the residents.
Cloth sanitary pad project
According to overseas studies, providing nutritious lunches or building toilets can increase the enrollment of girls in elementary schools. Still, the rate of going on to high schools drops dramatically because sanitary pads are not easily available to local girls. Most women rely on absorbent towels as a physiological product, resulting in menstrual blood leaking out and staining their uniforms, thus discouraging them from attending schools. This project is intended to teach local girls in Engaruka how to make cloth sanitary pads to address the problem of inadequate physiological products and to teach them menstrual period related knowledge through this project.
In 2019, the Fu Jen TZ Team reorganized the first-hand data collected from Engaruka in the past using the community assessment framework. Also, it consolidated the questionnaires and health education contents from previous years. This year, this project will be continued and updated with the local situation to make it more complete. This will not only allow us to better understand how Engaruka functions, but also to identify its advantages and disadvantages and to ask questions about the local context.
Midwives and health education for high school students
Based on the team's past service experience, we adjusted the contents of the teaching materials. We developed different lesson plans according to the hygiene conditions and prevalence of diseases in different areas. Subjects include prevention and treatment of lung diseases, gender education, nutrition and chronic diseases, family planning, etc., to raise local awareness of health and promote exchanges between the two places through sharing Taiwanese culture. We will also provide health education on safe birth delivery for tribal midwives so that local pregnant women can have a safe environment for childbirth even when transportation is inconvenient. They cannot get to a clinic in time for childbirth.
Touring health checkups
Early detection and treatment of diseases can significantly reduce the damage caused by illnesses. The health checkups conducted by the team started in 2014 in Tanzania, which is a sparsely populated country with low accessibility to medical care and little awareness of the disease. The golden period of treatment is often missed before going to the doctor. The local people seldom have health checkups unless they are sick or for newborns or vaccinations, and they do not have the concept of having regular health checkups. Therefore, we hope that through simple health checkups and the distribution of health education leaflets, we can raise the self-awareness of local residents about the risk of illness, and hope that they will develop a long-term habit of regular self health control.
Clinic equipment upgrade and medical supplies donation
The only clinic in Engaruka is poorly equipped and lacks medical resources. In response to the shortage of medicine and advanced examination equipment needed to treat the residents with diseases, we solicited medical supplies for local use in Taiwan from all walks of life as we had done in previous years.
Improve the overall health of the local community→Look at the world through the lens of Maasai→Service for learning and self-growth. "Improve the overall health of the local community". We hope to improve the quality of life and overall health of the local residents through the establishment of safe and hygienic drinking water, the collection and proper operation of equipment in the maternity ward, the upgrading of clinic equipment, and the health education and health checkups of the general public and high school students, with the hope that the local community will receive equal medical care and have a better public health environment. “Look at the world through the lens of Maasai.” We hope that after this mission, the community assessment of Engaruka will be improved, local problems will be identified, and the future direction of the mission will be determined so that the services can be more closely related to the local needs. In addition, by understanding the medical plight of the Maasai tribe, we can figure out the similar difficulties that other remote areas may be suffering from, and we hope to expand this experience to contribute to remote areas in Taiwan and other poor areas around the world. "Service for learning and self-growth". We hope to integrate the service spirit of humanistic care into the professions we study in all departments of the school of medicine. "Learning" and "service" are both stressed together with "reflection", cultivating sound values to accept the differences of different cultures and individuals. Well-developed social concern and civic consciousness enable us to be more aware of the needs of society and to believe that we can make a difference to it. We believe that every glow of life and every smile of the people of Tanzania that we encounter there will awaken and strengthen the spirit of love and dedication that has always existed in the hearts of our medical students, echoing our goal of cultivating quality health care professionals with respect for life, a passion for service, a broad vision, active learning, and a full range of abilities.
In 2017, Fr. Leszek Niewdana of Fujen Catholic University (FJCU) was invited to visit the Dedougou Diocese in Burkina Faso (West Africa). After returning to Taiwan, he held many experience-sharing sessions on campus. The Society of the Divine Word (SVD) representative Sr. Liou Chin-Ping was concerned about the poor living condition of Burkina Faso’s people—as evidenced by an average life expectancy of fewer than 53 years, malnutrition in most children, and a literacy rate of less than 30%—and she began to plan for the SVD Overseas Volunteer Group to go to Burkina Faso for service learning and cultural exchange. At the same time, the Ecclesiastical Superior of the Dedougou Diocese also made a request to our university, hoping that FJCU could provide assistance in the form of holding computer classes and providing medical expertise and equipment. Sr. Liou Chin-Ping decided to take action, and she went to Burkina Faso in January 2018 with SVD Fr. Attilio Rossi, who has served in Africa for 9 years and speaks fluent French, for prospecting. After returning to Taiwan, Sr. Liou began to gather participants and resources from SVD units, the College of Science and Engineering, the College of Foreign Languages and Literatures, the College of Human Ecology, and the College of Fashion and Textiles to set up the SVD Overseas Volunteer Team of FJCU. The purpose of this volunteer team was to help residents in Burkina Faso by teaching computer skills, holding cultural exchange events, and visiting the families they sponsor. Many volunteer teams from FJCU travel to different countries for overseas service and study every summer vacation, but this is the first volunteer team that was sent to Burkina Faso for service experience and cultural exchange. The first batch of SVD volunteers went to Burkina Faso from July 9 to July 19, 2018 during summer vacation. During their 10-day trip, the volunteers applied what they had learned to serve and care for local residents through computer classes and cultural exchange. The second batch of volunteers was originally scheduled to travel to Burkina Faso from June 25 to July 17, 2019, to continue the overseas service project. However, in May 2019, a series of terrorist attacks occurred in Burkina Faso, and the attacks have continued. After many discussions, the volunteer team decided to switch locations to Kumbungu Senior High School in Tamale of northern Ghana to ensure the safety of the volunteers. The volunteer team aspires to turn their love into actions and provide service to the residents of West Africa through cultural exchange and education in nutrition and health, computer skills, and basic tailoring.
Brief introduction: （2018.7.9~2018.7.19) The first SVD batch of overseas volunteers (July 9 to July 19, 2018) spent only 10 days in the Dedougou Diocese of Burkina Faso, but they learned a lot, and they were greatly inspired by the enthusiasm, simplicity, studiousness, and diligence of the locals. In these ten days, the SVD volunteers were mainly responsible for teaching computer classes and Mandarin. Because of site constraints and the fact that hundreds of computers had not been delivered, the volunteers were only able to use the 20 plus existing computers available in the local Catholic junior high school and 10 laptops they brought with them when they went to Burkina Faso for computer teaching. More than 100 students applied to join the course. However, because of the aforementioned factors, only 80 students were accepted and divided into two groups for the classes. While one group was learning computer skills, the other group was learning Mandarin, and they swapped after two hours. Because of business needs and previous friendly relations with Taiwan, the local people were somewhat familiar with Chinese characters, and the students responded enthusiastically to the Mandarin classes. In their spare time, the volunteer team interacted with the students and got along well with them. Chen Zi-rong, a third-year FJCU student majoring in French and a member of the volunteer team, mentioned that “watching [the students] run barefoot on the red soil while playing football and happily perform forward somersaults when they score a goal makes you feel that they are really integrated with nature.” Of course, as a member of the FJCU Dance Club, she did not miss the opportunity to engage in dance exchange with the locals. She and the local dancers began to swing to the rhythm as soon as music was played. Although their dance moves may differ, their facial expressions were equally full of joy. Chen Zi-rong also experienced the local hair weaving culture. Although she later took out the braids because her scalp was numb, she gained precious memories from the experience.
Timeline of program execution
In July 2017, the FJCU’s Vice-President for Mission, Fr. Leszek Niewdana, visited the catholic churches in Burkina Faso to gain a better understanding of the dire local need for family financial subsidies and computer classes.
In 2017, the SVD Volunteer Service Team affiliated with the SVD began to implement a Sponsorship Program for the impoverished children of Burkina Faso within FJCU. An annual donation of NT$2500 is enough to pay for the cost of tuition, a daily nutritious lunch, and a school uniform for a local student for the whole year.
In July 2018, the SVD unit representative Sr. Liou Chin-Ping and Fr. Attilio Rossi began leading the SVD Overseas Volunteer Group to travel to Burkina Faso, thereby providing computer classes, Mandarin instruction, and cultural services, as well as gaining in-depth understanding of the local people’s conditions and needs. All the teachers and students involved developed a strong cross-cultural bond with the local service location and began to actively explore effective methods of alleviating local poverty after returning home.
At the end of January 2019, Sr. Liou Chin-Ping, Fr. Attilio Rossi, and Assistant Professor Doong Jia-Yau from the Department of Nutrition of FJCU visited Burkina Faso again to conduct a basic health evaluation of school and preschool children. They also communicated face-to-face with local residents to gain a better understanding of local needs and expectations.
In Spring 2019, the Bishop of Dedougou Diocese of Burkina Faso contacted the SVD unit and invited SVD student volunteers to come back to Dedougou for service learning. In his letter, the Bishop communicated that the local youths and their families were in urgent need of transcultural exchange, science and technology instruction, improvement in personal hygiene, and enhancement of their economic capability.
During the preparatory period after the exploratory visit, solar panel power equipment and motors donated by the Taiwanese people were transported to the service location. Volunteers began to work on strengthening their spoken French. To design teaching plans, volunteers were divided into a computer teaching group, nutrition and health information group, tailoring group, and solar panel assembly group. They hoped to turn their love into actions and care for their friends in Burkina Faso who needed help.
In May 2019, due to a series of terrorist attacks in Burkina Faso, including multiple murders of Catholic clergy and believers and the kidnappings of foreigners, the volunteer team made an emergency decision to transfer the service location of the current project from the Dedougou Diocese of Burkina Faso to Ghana, which is located to the south of Burkina Faso and is relatively stable.
The Congregation of the Holy Spirit and SVD’s Catholic Church monastic groups have a presence in Ghana, and Sr. Liou Chin-Ping and Fr. Attilio Rossi belong to those groups. The priests of SVD have set up a cross-cultural exchange and learning centre in Tamale (the Tamale Institute for Cross Cultural Study) in the north of Ghana. Fr. Phanuel Myers Agudu, the SVD person-in-charge, welcomed the teachers and students of the volunteer team to visit their centre for cultural exchange.
The service-learning content remained roughly the same, including setting up and repairing solar panels; teaching computer skills, nutrition, and tailoring; and conducting family visits and cultural exchange.
4. Team goals
The visiting volunteer team consists of a total of 12 members, including 5 third-year French students from the FJCU College of Foreign Languages and Literatures; 2 third-year optics and photonics students from the Physics Department of the FJCU College of Science and Engineering; Mr. Huang Xin Wei, an electrical engineering graduate of FJCU and the solar energy operation advisor; Assistant Professor Doong Jia-Yau of the Department of Nutrition Science; Assistant Professor Wu Po-Ling of the Department of Textiles and Clothing; and Sr. Liou Chin-Ping and Fr. Attilio Rossi of the SVD. Because the volunteers each had different professional expertise, and all of them had participated in the 5-month SVD volunteer training course, the service items included:
Setting up and repairing solar panels and improving electric power delivery
Hand sewing lessons
Sponsorship and companionship of impoverished children
Cultural exchange and experience
Performance of service items
Setting up and maintenance of solar panels and improvement of electric power delivery: In addition to repairing the damaged solar panels and electric lights in the local community, we also assisted in transporting the fundraised 168 solar panels, 600 LED bulbs, and 2 hydraulic motors to the service locations for installation, with the hope of establishing a more convenient living environment for the local residents.
Course teaching: Three types of courses were taught: computer skills, nutrition, and hand sewing.
For the computer course, we cooperated with the Asus Foundation and FJCU to donate 22 laptops and 2 projectors to the target organization of this service trip, Kumbungu Senior High School. We taught the basic operation of computer programs such as Microsoft Word, Microsoft PowerPoint, and Microsoft Paint. Approximately 50 local students participated in the course.
The lecture part of the nutrition course was taught by Assistant Professor Doong from the Department of Nutrition Science of Fu Jen University. In addition, the volunteers also taught 25 students how to knead dough and make dumplings, and we donated 50 boxes of vitamin C tablets (containing a total of 7500 vitamin C tablets) to local residents.
A total of 25 students participated in teaching hand sewing. Male students learned to sew kitchen aprons, and female students learned to sew cloth tampons.
Providing sponsorship and companionship to impoverished children: During the service trip, the volunteer team assisted 46 local children in receiving sponsorship. The volunteer team also conducted a series of sports and art activities (e.g., games, football, and drawing) with the primary and middle school students of the local St. Charles Elementary/Junior School.
Cultural exchange and experience: We made three home visits to Gumo village to better understand the reality of the local life, and we also held a special cultural exchange activity with high school students, which established a bond between us.
Contents in-line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals
After careful evaluation, the service session was considered to have substantive benefits. The following activities of the service session were closely in-line with the following UN sustainable development goals:
Sponsorship of impoverished children. Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere.
Installation of solar panels to improve local power delivery. Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all.
Health education and nutrition education. Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.
Soil improvement and plant cultivation. Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture.
Computer skills teaching. Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
The textile and clothing businesses are a basic and essential part of the everyday life-related industry in emerging countries; development of the businesses is a necessary step for emerging countries to transition from agricultural to industrial societies. Many such countries, at the beginning of economic development, engage in light industry, which requires a large population. Accordingly, Vietnam has particularly demonstrated itself to be strongly competitive because of its generally young population; compared with other Southeast Asian countries, Vietnam has undergone rapid economic development. During the rush of overseas investment, Taiwanese manufacturers took advantage of the opportunity in the form of a bilateral trade relationship. Through this relationship, Vietnam has become a major production base for Taiwan’s textile and clothing industry. In 2018, Taiwan was Vietnam’s fifth largest trading partner, and Taiwanese investment in Vietnam accounted for 35.5% of investment in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). In Vietnam, Taiwanese businessmen, employing more than 500,000 local workers, are the largest locally based foreign employers. Vietnam is the epitome of Taiwanese business in the ASEAN. Responding to the long-term investment of Taiwan’s textile and clothing industry in Vietnam and the effects of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the Department of Textiles and Clothing at Fu Jen Catholic University (FJCU) began a program in which students participate in summer internships at Taiwan’s Vietnamese production bases; this program has yielded favourable results since 2007; accordingly, the university has cooperated with Taiwan’s businessmen in the textile and clothing industry based in Vietnam to satisfy the talent requirements of relevant design and marketing. At the end of 2016, Professor Yu Cheng-ping from the FJCU Department of Textiles and Clothing discussed corporate social responsibility with Taiwanese businessmen, and in early 2017, the department visited Vietnam and discovered Binh Duong, the province north of Ho Chi Minh City, to contain many orphanages. A senior Japanese volunteer, who was a teacher of textile weaving, left textile products to be sold at the orphanages and returned to Japan. However, the sales results were not satisfactory. At FJCU, the Department of Textiles and Clothing is separated into three divisions: fashion design, textile design, and fashion marketing. These categories constitute the middle- and downstream supply chain of the textile and clothing industry. To improve sales performance in Binh Duong, the FJCU Department of Textiles and Clothing initiated a plan to create its first ever overseas volunteer team. This plan would use the range of the department to implement supply chain management involving product design and planning, product manufacturing, and marketing. Professor Tsai Li-ju, who specialises in textile design, was invited to join the team to provide design and technology guidance with the intention of enabling volunteer team members to overcome limitations to contribute to the international community during their professional studies, cultivate soft skills, and develop core competency. Both professors and students in the FJCU Department of Textiles & Clothing intended to commit themselves to this volunteer service plan long-term. In the initial stage, two divisions of volunteers were dispatched annually to teach the orphans textile weaving and braiding and thereby cultivate their problem solving, teamwork, aesthetic awareness, and confidence. The volunteer team further hoped designing and developing valuable textile goods that would earn profits to assist the orphans in obtaining sufficient educational resources and eventually establish a social enterprise.
Chanh Phu Hoa Orphanage in Binh Duong, Vietnam
Chanh Phu Hoa Orphanage is located in a sparsely populated and extremely remote area of rubber plants, approximately 60 km north of and a two-hour drive from Ho Chi Minh City. The orphanage, located in the Bến Cát town of Bình Dương Province in Vietnam, is 10 km from My Phuoc Industrial Park, where Taiwanese businesses are concentrated. The details of the orphanage’s geographic location are presented in Figs. 1, 2, and 3. The orphanage is affiliated with the Chanh Phu Hoa Social Protection Centre, which is a government social welfare management organization. The Chanh Phu Hoa centre currently accommodates more than 800 individuals requiring government-assisted living and the orphanage houses 50 orphans aged ≤18 years or minors whose parents cannot take care of them. Preschool children at the orphanage receive early childhood education from full-time educators. School-aged children receive compulsory education at neighbouring primary and secondary schools. Adolescents attend senior high schools located farther from the orphanage. Chanh Phu Hoa Orphanage struggles to raise funds for tuition fees every semester. The first visit to the orphanage in early 2017 revealed that the majority of the children (i.e., more than 15) were aged ≥12 years; most orphans are adopted at a young age by people from Europe and North America and rarely stay until adulthood. Learners of weaving techniques must have a minimum level of understanding and learning capacity. Therefore, the volunteer team first investigated orphanage and children’s interests in textile weaving; they received positive responses. Chanh Phu Hoa Orphanage was thus selected as the volunteer service base where the machinery and equipment would be installed. Thus, the FJCU textile service team was formed to implement a long-term service plan involving learning, creating, weaving, and developing marketing plans for textile goods.
Past volunteer sessions (first to fourth sessions)
The FJCU textile service team comprises volunteers specialised in textiles and clothing. The team has devoted extensive time and effort in the form of the design and development of apparel, the teaching of manufacturing, and the establishment of marketing channels to support Chanh Phu Hoa Orphanage, an orphanage located in a rural area of Vietnam that lacks resources. The team proposed to provide the school with a source of income by teaching the orphan children weaving skills, cultivating favourable attitudes towards life and work, and building teamwork skills while also building the children’s confidence, understanding of aesthetics, and creativity. The FJCU textile service team is the first task-oriented team composed entirely of students from the FJCU Department of Textiles and Clothing. The team was registered at FJCU in May 2017, and the first division of volunteers was dispatched on July 23, 2017, soon after registration.
The first volunteer session occurred over 8 days (July 23–July 30, 2017) and included six FJCU students and two FJCU professors. Of the six students, four were sophomores from the Textile Design group. These students were trained to act as the seed members for the second volunteer session. The equipment required for the program, five wooden manual shuttle looms and two warping frames (made in New Zealand), were purchased and donated by Taiwanese businessmen in Vietnam. The first session of the program involved basic design and creation exercises, instruction in aesthetic awareness, establishment of a theoretical foundation, and hands-on practice for 15 older orphan residents (aged 12–18 years). The children learned how to sew basic stitches, warping, drawing-in, and beating-up. The children attended the lessons with great passion, and they learned the techniques quickly; they became eager to experiment and apply their own innovative ideas. The main focus of the first volunteer session was installing equipment, introducing children to the program, and teaching basic weaving techniques.
(2) The second volunteer session occurred during the volunteer students’ winter vacation. The session lasted for 15 days (January 20–February 3, 2018) and included 12 students and three professors. The content of instruction was mainly weave derivatives, self-designing and manufacturing yarns using environmentally friendly materials, and product making. The three manual spinning machines, five reeds, approximately 240 kg of paper yarn, and transport services required for this session were generously provided by Huge Bamboo Enterprise and Far Long Industrial. Of the 19 student applicants for the program, eight were recruited as volunteers for the second volunteer session. These volunteers were chosen based on their service enthusiasm, relevant volunteer experience, professionalism, and personality traits. The total service team comprised 12 members, and each member was assigned a different task. Eight members were in the Textile Design group and were assigned the roles of team leader, deputy team leader, and curriculum and instruction division leader and were responsible for administrative management, teaching activities, and activity planning, respectively. The remaining four students were in the Fashion Marketing group and received professional training on basic weaving techniques. These students were responsible for product planning and marketing planning. Products would be marketed in Taiwan with the intention of later potentially expanding marketing overseas. The three professors were respectively responsible for instruction in weaving techniques and product planning, marketing products, and administrative guidance. The entire team spent nearly 2 days exploring and developing an understanding of the current state of development of the hipster, cultural, and creative commodity markets in Ho Chi Minh City as a reference for future program development.
The third volunteer session spanned over 15 days (June 30–July 14, 2018) and included 12 students and two professors. Of the 12 students, eight were in the Textile Design group and were responsible for teaching, developing lesson plans, and administrative planning. The remaining four students were in the Fashion Marketing group and were responsible for photography, artistic design, public relations, and developing marketing plans. Because members who had participated in the second volunteer session were still unfamiliar with course instruction, the team members for the third session completed basic professional training and were then provided with opportunities for practical application. Subsequently, the students were assigned teaching roles according to their strengths. The seven members who had already participated and the five new members of the volunteer program were trained to become future seed members and pass down their experience. The two professors were respectively responsible for instruction in weaving techniques, discussions with student volunteers, administration, and plan advising.
The fourth volunteer session occurred over 15 days (January 15–January 29, 2019) and included eight students and two professors. No new members were recruited in the fourth session due to time restraints; providing training in professional weaving to new members over a short period would have been unproductive, and the supervisors or teachers would not have effectively been able to assist the residents of the orphanage. Moreover, the team planned to organise a creative achievement exhibition in Ho Chi Minh City in the fifth session, which would require experienced members for operation and discussion to run smoothly. After excluding the fourth-year students, who were preparing for their own graduation exhibitions, a total of eight members, all of whom had experience in previse sessions (1–3 sessions) were selected. The division of labour in the team was based on each member’s strengths. Three students were assigned to the Textile Design group and were responsible for teaching, developing lesson plans, and administrative planning. The remaining five students were in the Fashion Marketing group and were responsible for photography, artistic design, public relations, and developing marketing plans. Because basic operations had been taught in the preceding three sessions, the courses in the fourth session mainly focused on the exhibition that was to occur in the fifth session. The courses in the fourth session involved postprocessing fabrics, tassel changes, ironing fabrics, and the final touches of goods.
Most current volunteer session (the fifth volunteer session) The most current session occurred over 15 days (June 30–July 14, 2019) and included 13 students and two professors. Of the 19 students who applied to participate, five were recruited as new volunteers, which added five new members to the existing eight from (a total of 15 members). After the team members were selected, the new members received comprehensive professional training and the existing members prepared for the upcoming session by reviewing the unfinished tasks from the fourth session, identifying potential problems facing the residents of the orphanage in subsequent sessions, and developing lesson plans for the courses that would occur before the exhibition. After the new members finished their training, they were divided into three groups—(A) Weaving, (B) Yarn Braiding, and (C) Spinning Balls—which were also the three themes of the exhibition; the new members were to jointly design courses for the time leading up to the exhibition. Basic preparation for the exhibition, including confirmation of the number of products made by the residents of the orphanage, confirming product quality requirements, and postprocessing of fabrics, had been completed in the fourth session. Therefore, the current session focused on the exhibition itself, which involved final work revision, creating art labels, and exhibition installation. The upcoming exhibition not only inspired more diversified lesson plans but taught the children of the orphanage how to end an exhibition and how to store their woven goods.
2020 course content
The course focused on “preparation and holding of exhibitions” as the main theme; course content involved defect repair, exhibition planning, installation of the exhibition, and creating records for goods. A series of relevant courses were arranged according to the schedule and the situation of the residents of the orphanage. Daily review meetings were held to revise the course schedule.